Iron weapons rapidly replace bronze and become common throughout Europe, the Fertile Crescent, Egypt, and elsewhere.
The feminine-friendly Minoan civilization on Crete collapses, as does Mycenaean civilization not long afterward.
An epidemic sweeps through the Roman Empire until 270, killing 5,000 of Rome’s citizens each day during the epidemic’s peak, including the Emperor Claudius in 270.
Rome was forced by the population loss to recruit barbarian troops.
In the Caribbean, agricultural Arawakan peoples begin migrating along the archipelago from South America, eventually displacing/absorbing the hunter-gatherer peoples there.
They populate the Greater Antilles in the millions by 1492, and are loosely known as the Taino.
Famine, war and disease accompanied the collapse of the Mayan population to perhaps a million before 1000 CE, similar to Fertile Crescent dynamics. Charlemagne tries to create a new Western Roman Empire, with a unity of church and state. Vikings begin raiding the British Isles, and some settle in France and become the Normans. Leif Ericson extends Viking colonization past Greenland settlements to North America, probably in today’s Newfoundland.
My energy and the human journey essay, published in 2014, will be periodically updated, but this essay likely will not be revised much in the future.
El Nio cycles regularly affect South American civilization, and elaborate food production and storage systems are designed to cope with them, as well as other environmental challenges.
That region’s people become the world’s greatest agricultural experimenters. It attained a peak population of several million, before its overtaxed environment failed to support the population.
Please do not take my word for anything, but find out for yourself what is true for you.
This essay was written during the USA's war against Iraq, which really began in 1990, and the essay was originally finished in the summer of 2002.